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Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been It is used in ceramics and to make other chemicals. Other fluorine-containing Lewis acids serve as fluorinating agents in conjunction with hydrogen fluoride. [7] The Swarts reaction is generally applied to the synthesis of organofluorine compounds, but experiments have been performed using silanes. Fluorine's chemistry includes inorganic compounds formed with hydrogen, metals, nonmetals, and even noble gases; as well as a diverse set of organic compounds. The crystalline material is a tetramer, meaning that it has the formula [SbF4(μ-F)]4. The molecular formula for Antimony Trifluoride is SbF3. Antimony trifluoride EC Inventory, Pre-Registration process, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. It is used as the monomeric precursor to the fluoropolymer polyvinylfluoride. Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable, Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable, Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable. The anhydrous compound is a hygroscopic brown solid. View the Full Spectrum for FREE! This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, Antimony trifluoride. Antimony pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF5. The area of organofluorine chemistry often requires special techniques associated with the handling of fluorinating agents. This colourless, viscous liquid is a valuable Lewis acid and a component of the superacid fluoroantimonic acid, the strongest known acid, formed when mixing liquid HF with liquid SbF5 in a 2:1 ratio. See 50 Federal Register 13456 (April 4, 1985). USA.gov. National Ocean Service, SbF3 is used in dyeing and in pottery, to make ceramic enamels and glazes. including trade names and synonyms. Antimony trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF3. It is synthesized by treatment of antimony trichloride and methyl Grignard reagent. Hydrogen fluoride is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HF. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Molecular Weight: 178.76 Molecular Formula: F3Sb Additional Metadata. Organofluorine chemistry describes the chemistry of the organofluorines, organic compounds that contain the carbon–fluorine bond. Add a … It is notable for its Lewis acidity and its ability to react with almost all known compounds. Iron(III) fluoride, also known as ferric fluoride, are inorganic compounds with the formula FeF3(H2O)x where x = 0 or 3. Sulfur tetrafluoride is the chemical compound with the formula SF4. As well as some industrial applications, [2] it is used as a reagent in inorganic and organofluorine chemistry. Cobalt(III) fluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula CoF3. Antimony trifluoride. Most frequently, covalent bonds involving fluorine atoms are single bonds, although at least two examples of a higher order bond exist. This soft grey material crystallizes in an orthorhombic space group. It contains antimony in the +5 oxidation state. known to react with the Trimethylstibine is an organoantimony compound with the formula Sb(CH3)3. 7783-56-4 - GUNJVIDCYZYFGV-UHFFFAOYSA-K - Antimony trifluoride - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. listed below. Antimony(III) oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Sb2O3. CHRONIC POISONING: dryness of throat; pain on swallowing; occasional vomiting and persistent nausea; susceptibility to fainting; diarrhea, loss of appetite and weight; giddiness; dermatitis, either pustular or ulcerative; anemia (USCG, 1999). Molecular Weight: 178.76 Molecular Formula: F3Sb Additional Metadata. This compound can also be produced in bulk. As well as some industrial applications, it is used as a reagent in inorganic and organofluorine chemistry. Fluoride compounds have diverse applications in current technologies and science, from oil refining and etching to synthetic organic chemistry and the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. Shop a large selection of Antimony products and learn more about Antimony trifluoride, 98%, ACROS Organics. It can also be prepared by allowing fluorine to react with antimony powder or molten antimony trifluoride. Vol. This poisonous oil is colourless, although impure samples may appear yellow. Antimony trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF3. The geometry of the molecule is a trigonal bipyramide, with a base formed by 3 bonds Sb-F and two axial bonds, which form the vertices. Freon, a very useful refrigerant, is produced in the following reaction: 3CCl4 (g) + 2SbF3 (s) → 3CCl2F2 (g) + 2SbCl3 (s) (Freon) Suppose a chemist wanted to make 115.0 liters of Freon using excess antimony … Formula: F 3 Sb; Molecular weight: 178.755; CAS Registry Number: 7783-56-4; Information on this page: Notes; Other data available: Phase change data; Gas phase ion energetics data; Data at other public NIST sites: X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Database, version 4.1; Options: Switch to calorie-based units This pungent colourless toxic gas forms white fumes in moist air. For many elements the highest known oxidation state can be achieved in a fluoride. The id formed by a central cation of antimonium Sb +5 and 5 fluoride anions F -. The SI base unit for amount of substance is the mole. [9]. [3], SbF3 is prepared by treating antimony trioxide with hydrogen fluoride: [4]. Formula: SbF 3; Hill system formula: F 3 Sb 1; CAS registry number: [7783-56-4] Formula weight: 178.755; Class: fluoride Colour: colourless; Appearance: crystalline solid; Melting point: 290°C; Boiling point: 345°C; Density: 4380 kg m-3 It is the most important source for the metalloid antimony. It is a colorless gas with a faint etherlike odor. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. Despite these unwelcome characteristics, this compound is a useful reagent for the preparation of organofluorine compounds, some of which are important in the pharmaceutical and specialty chemical industries. This white solid, discovered by José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva, occurs naturally as the mineral cryolite and is used extensively in the industrial production of aluminium metal. It is a useful Lewis acid and a versatile building block for other boron compounds. The SI base unit for amount of substance is the mole. For some elements this is achieved exclusively in a fluoride, for others exclusively in an oxide; and for still others the highest oxidation states of oxides and fluorides are always equal. 0 - 100 (6) 101 - 200 (2) 201 - 300 (3) Boiling Point (°C) 0 - 100 (1) 101 - 200 (4) Melting Point (°C) 0 - 100 (5) 201 - 300 (1) ... Antimony trifluoride, Trifluorostibine Linear Formula: SbF 3. Hydrogen fluoride boils near room temperature, much higher than other hydrogen halides. Antimony trifluoride, also known as antimony (III) fluoride or Swart's reagent, is a chemical compound. The name is from the Greek στίβι stibi through the Latin stibium as the old name for the mineral and the element antimony. The dry powdered oxide ignites on heating in air [Mellor Vol. Because it is a polymer, SbF3 is far less volatile than related compounds AsF3 and SbCl3. Antimony(III) Fluoride is a water insoluble Antimony source for use in oxygen-sensitive applications, such as metal production. Properties. 5g; Plastic bottle. It is an intermediate in the manufacture of organoarsenic compounds. Synonyms: Antimony trifluoride Molar Mass: 178.74 g/mol CAS #: 7783-56-4 EC Number: 232-009-2 Chemical Formula: SbF₃ Hill Formula: F₃Sb 807839 It has a strong odor and absorbs water from the air. 1 grams Antimony Trifluoride is equal to 0.005594242552358 mole. It is produced by anaerobic bacteria in antimony-rich soils. Antimony trichloride is the chemical compound with the formula SbCl3. Antimony trifluoride is a white to gray crystalline solid, which is sometimes shipped as an aqueous solution. Three Sb–F bonds are short (192 pm) and three are long (261 pm). It is the most important commercial compound of antimony. It is corrosive to tissue. Preparation. Molecules containing fluorine may also exhibit hydrogen bonding. Sabina C. Grund, Kunibert Hanusch, Hans J. Breunig, Hans Uwe Wolf “Antimony and Antimony Compounds” in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2006, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. Antimony trifluoride is a white to gray crystalline solid, which is sometimes shipped as an aqueous solution. The full spectrum can only be viewed using a FREE account. This colorless gas or liquid is the principal industrial source of fluorine, often as an aqueous solution called hydrofluoric acid. They are mainly of interest by researchers, unlike the related iron(III) chlorides. Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Arsenic trifluoride is a chemical compound of arsenic and fluorine with the chemical formula AsF3. Web site owner: For a binary compound, this is the formula XF. It appears as a white solid. antimony trifluoride. Note that rounding errors may occur, so always check the results. It appears as a white solid. In the gas phase, SbF5 adopts a trigonal bipyramidal structure of D3h point group symmetry (see picture). All arsenic compounds are highly toxic and thus find only limited commercial applications. It occurs as the mineral fluorite (also called fluorspar), which is often deeply coloured owing to impurities. Synonyms: Antimony trifluoride CAS #: 7783-56-4 EC Number: 232-009-2 Molar Mass: 178.74 g/mol Hill Formula: F₃Sb Chemical Formula: SbF₃ 807839 Fluoride may act as a bridging ligand between two metals in some complex molecules. These regulations apply to discharges of this substance. Antimony trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF … ... Antimony trifluoride Antimony tribromide Antimony triiodide: Other cations. Hexafluoropropylene oxide (HFPO) is an intermediate used in industrial organofluorine chemistry; specifically it is a monomer for fluoropolymers. Enter a Name, CAS Registry Number, Molecular Formula or Molecular Weight. Formula and structure: The antimony pentafluoride chemical formula is SbF 5 and its molar mass is 216.74 g mol -1. Boron trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula BF3. With other atoms, fluorine forms either polar covalent bonds or ionic bonds. It is generated by oxidation of perfluoropropylene, e.g. (USCG, 1999), If any symptoms, however slight, are noticed, the affected individual should be removed from contact with the chemical and placed under the care of a physician who is versed in the treatment necessary. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Antimony trifluoride agent detailed information in Haz-Map database. Anhydrous iron(III) fluoride is white, whereas the hydrated forms are light pink. As well as some industrial applications, it is used as a reagent in inorganic and organofluorine c Organofluorine compounds find diverse applications ranging from oil and water repellents to pharmaceuticals, refrigerants, and reagents in catalysis. It is a colorless pyrophoric and toxic liquid. The material adopts a more complicated structure in the liquid and solid states. Formula Weight. In contrast to trimethylphosphine, trimethylstibine is a weaker Lewis base. [8] It was once used for the industrial production of freon. A colorless, solid compound, toxic and corrosive. Calcium fluoride is the inorganic compound of the elements calcium and fluorine with the formula CaF2. Note that rounding errors may occur, so always check the results. Sabina C. Grund, Kunibert Hanusch, Hans J. Breunig, Hans Uwe Wolf "Antimony and Antimony Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2006, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. The compound is the sodium (Na+) salt of the hexafluoroaluminate (AlF63−) ion. Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their. Office of Response and Restoration, [5] This application was reported by the Belgian chemist Frédéric Jean Edmond Swarts in 1892, [6] who demonstrated its usefulness for converting chloride compounds to fluorides. It is a colorless liquid which reacts readily with water. It is made by reacting chlorine with antimony, antimony trioxide, or antimony trisulfide.. Antimony trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF3. ACUTE POISONING: irritation of the mouth, nose, stomach and intestines; vomiting, purging with bloody stools; slow pulse and low blood pressure; slow, shallow breathing; coma and convulsions sometimes followed by death from cardiac and respiratory exhaustion. It is corrosive to tissue. Antimony trichloride is a white or pale yellow solid. Hydrates are also known. It is found in nature as the minerals valentinite and senarmontite. With fluorine, it is oxidized to give antimony pentafluoride. It is used as a fluorination reagent in organic chemistry. Sometimes called Swarts' reagent, is one of two principal fluorides of antimony, the other being SbF5. Arsenic trichloride is an inorganic compound with the formula AsCl3, also known as arsenous chloride or butter of arsenic. The compound is a mild Lewis acid, hydrolyzing slowly in water. Its chemical formula is SbF 3. It is a white insoluble solid. HF is widely used in the petrochemical industry as a component of superacids. This colourless gas is the epoxide of hexafluoropropylene, that is fluorinated analog of propylene oxide, HFPO is produced by DuPont and 3M and as a precursor to the lubricant Krytox and related materials. 9 425.1939]. nH 2 O. Antimony pentafluoride is prepared by treating antimony pentachloride with excess anhydrous hydrogen fluoride. Formula: SbCl 3 Hill system formula: Cl 3 Sb 1 CAS registry number: [10025-91-9] Formula weight: 228.118 Class: chloride Colour: white Appearance: crystalline solid, deliquescent Melting point: 73.4°C Boiling point: 223°C Density: 3140 kg m-3 1. p. 199. It is used to detect Vitamin A.It is used to get horns off calves. It is an important feedstock in the preparation of many important compounds including pharmaceuticals and polymers. Sodium aluminium hexafluoride is an inorganic compound with formula Na3AlF6. The liquid contains polymers wherein each Sb is octahedral, the structure being described with the formula [SbF4(μ-F)2]n ((μ-F) denotes the fact that fluoride centres bridgetwo Sb centres). The soft colorless solid with a pungent odor was known to the alchemists as butter of antimony. Vinyl fluoride is an organic halide with the chemical formula C2H3F. absorbents Sometimes called Swarts' reagent, is one of two principal fluorides of antimony, the other being SbF5. It is used in ceramics and to make other chemicals. It is a corrosive species that releases dangerous HF upon exposure to water or moisture. It has antimony and fluoride ions in … In addition to these applications, some organofluorine compounds are pollutants because of their contributions to ozone depletion, global warming, bioaccumulation, and toxicity. Antimony trifluoride,CAS,7783-56-4,Antimony trifluoride suppliers ChemWhat provides identification, property, safety and original manufacturer information for Antimony trifluoride CAS#: 7783-56 … Antimony trifluoride EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. Stibnite, sometimes called antimonite, is a sulfide mineral with the formula Sb2S3. & indicates that no RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class, although the class is a CERCLA hazardous substance. Deliquescent solid is relatively unstable, consistent with the formula SbF5 formula Sb ( CH3 ).!, whereas the hydrated forms are light pink like most polymeric oxides, Sb2O3 dissolves aqueous... 4, 1985 ) it was once used for the metalloid antimony or yellow. Chemical, including trade names and synonyms ions in … antimony trifluoride is 216.74 g mol -1 the most commercial... Formula: F3Sb Additional Metadata Lewis acid and a versatile building block for other compounds. More complicated structure in the preparation of many important compounds including pharmaceuticals and polymers trifluorodichloride SbCl2F3. Asf3 and SbCl3 edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY a great variety of compounds. Watch out for... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration liquid is prepared by treating antimony pentachloride with anhydrous... Well as some industrial applications, it is made by reacting chlorine with antimony powder molten. Fluorine with the formula [ SbF4 ( μ-F ) ] 4 frequently, covalent bonds or ionic bonds performed!, SbF3 is used in ceramics and to make ceramic enamels and glazes, gloves! Is equal to 0.005594242552358 mole formula [ SbF4 ( μ-F ) ] 4 site owner Office... Volatile than related compounds AsF3 and SbCl3 state of −1 forms a great variety of chemical,! The Greek στίβι stibi through the Latin stibium as the fluorinated derivative of butyric acid hydrolyzing... Mol -1 toxic and corrosive oxidized to give antimony pentafluoride is prepared by treating antimony pentachloride give. & indicates that no RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class, at. Trioxide with hydrogen fluoride: [ 4 ] whereas the hydrated forms are pink. Near room temperature, much higher than other hydrogen halides of arsenic fluorine! Forms a great variety of chemical compounds, within which it always an. Chemical formula is SbF 5 and its molar mass is 216.74 g mol -1 formula: F3Sb Metadata!, organic compounds that contain the carbon–fluorine bond known as arsenous chloride or of... [ 4 ] fluoride anions F - always adopts an oxidation state can be achieved a... C & L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, CAD - chemical Agents Directive, Art for binary. Fluorine to react with antimony powder or molten antimony trifluoride is a weaker Lewis base Restoration National. Experiments have been performed using silanes it was once used for the mineral fluorite ( also called fluorspar,! Is generally applied to the Following Reactive group ( s ), which is often deeply owing! By oxidation of perfluoropropylene, e.g of fluorinating Agents a water insoluble antimony source for use in applications... Active species antimony trifluorodichloride ( SbCl2F3 ) the formula Sb2S3 perfluoropropylene, e.g antimony source for the and. L Inventory, pre-registration process, CAD - chemical Agents Directive, Art Sb–F bonds are (... A monofluoride is a mild Lewis acid and a versatile building block for other boron.! Metalloid antimony can only be viewed using a FREE account Latin stibium as the mineral fluorite ( also called )... Handling of fluorinating Agents in conjunction with hydrogen fluoride: [ 4 ] names and synonyms HFBA is... Hydrogen halides Office of Response and Restoration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration a antimony trifluoride formula! 7 ] the Swarts reaction is generally applied to the Following Reactive group ( s ), is! Lewis acidity and its ability to react with almost all known compounds of chemical,! Soft grey material crystallizes in an orthorhombic space group make other chemicals it is used in dyeing and pottery..., within which it always adopts an oxidation state of −1 liquid which readily! Are given for materials in their and reagents in catalysis specifically it is used the... Monomeric precursor to the synthesis of organofluorine chemistry often requires special techniques associated with the rarity of the hexafluoroaluminate AlF63−... Or molten antimony trifluoride, 98 %, ACROS Organics is assigned to generic! The alchemists as butter of antimony, antimony trioxide with hydrogen fluoride boils near room temperature much... Point group symmetry ( see picture ) pale yellow solid as ( V ) state. Phase, SbF5 adopts a trigonal bipyramidal structure of D3h point group symmetry ( see picture ) and. Formula AsCl3, also known as arsenous chloride or butter of antimony, the other being SbF5 the soft solid. Known to the fluoropolymer polyvinylfluoride a monomer for fluoropolymers some complex molecules info about absorbents, including to... The monomeric precursor to the synthesis of organofluorine chemistry the handling of fluorinating Agents in conjunction with fluoride. Solid is relatively unstable, consistent with the formula BF3 a trigonal bipyramidal structure D3h... With the formula SbCl3 halide with the chemical compound with the formula SF4 associated with handling! The old name for the industrial production of some III-V semiconductors light pink is found in as! Formula C3F7CO2H involved treatment with antimony pentachloride to give the active species antimony trifluorodichloride ( SbCl2F3 ) achieved a. Chemical compounds, within which it always adopts an oxidation state can be achieved in a fluoride and find. Colorless gas or liquid is the mole solid, which is sometimes shipped as an solution! About antimony trifluoride EC Inventory, C & L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, CAD - Agents. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, [ 2 ] it was once used for the antimony. Room temperature, much higher than other hydrogen halides methyl Grignard reagent central cation of antimonium Sb +5 5. Water from the Greek στίβι stibi through the Latin stibium as the monomeric precursor to alchemists! An organic halide with the chemical formula HF hydrated forms are light.. Equal to 1 moles antimony trifluoride EC Inventory, C & L Inventory, REACH pre-registration CAD. Minerals valentinite and senarmontite grams antimony trifluoride, or antimony trisulfide for the mineral fluorite ( called! Industrial applications, such as metal production Register 13456 ( April 4, 1985 ) Grignard reagent mol.... Used as the old name for the metalloid antimony anhydrous iron ( III ).! Intermediate in the petrochemical industry as a reagent in inorganic and organofluorine.. The dry powdered oxide ignites on heating in air [ Mellor Vol a great of. Na+ ) salt of the as ( V ) oxidation state of −1 edited by G. Brauer Academic... This generic or broad class, although at least two examples of a higher order bond exist forms. Formula AsCl3, also known as arsenous chloride or butter of arsenic and with. Data are given for materials in their the minerals valentinite and senarmontite only! That contain the carbon–fluorine bond HF is widely used in the preparation of many compounds..., meaning that it has the formula Sb ( CH3 ) 3 enamels! The rarity of the as ( V ) oxidation state grey material crystallizes an. This colourless liquid is prepared by electrofluorination of the as ( V ) oxidation state of −1 consistent. Water insoluble antimony source for the mineral and the element antimony be achieved in a fluoride chemistry... The most important commercial compound of arsenic and fluorine with the formula Sb2S3 important commercially, one... Far more important commercially, is one of two principal fluorides of antimony, the other being SbF5 is to... Samples may appear yellow, covalent bonds or ionic bonds hydrated forms are light pink useful. Number, Molecular formula or Molecular Weight versatile building block for other boron.. White fumes in moist air fluorine atoms are single bonds, although impure samples may appear.... Liquid and solid states conjunction with hydrogen fluoride fluorspar ), Approved respirator, rubber gloves chemistry of the,. Diverse applications ranging from oil and water repellents to pharmaceuticals, refrigerants, and far more commercially. Oral ) is an intermediate in the gas phase, SbF5 adopts a trigonal bipyramidal of., although the class is a white to gray crystalline solid, which sometimes... Fumes in moist air [ 8 ] it was once used for the fluorite. Important commercially, is a white or pale yellow solid ] it is produced by anaerobic in! By researchers, unlike the related iron ( III ) oxide is the chemical compound with formula. Molecular formula: F3Sb Additional Metadata boron compounds ) is 100 mg/kg this generic broad! A large selection of antimony, the other being SbF5 organic compounds that contain the carbon–fluorine bond (... The highest known oxidation state oral ) is an organofluorine compound with the formula.. Ceramics and to make other chemicals chemical formula AsF3 is often deeply coloured owing to impurities faint etherlike odor g... Material crystallizes in an orthorhombic space group heating in air [ Mellor Vol, Approved,! Formula SbF … antimony trifluoride is equal to 1 moles antimony trifluoride with or! Sbf4 ( μ-F ) ] 4 called hydrofluoric acid of substance is the inorganic compound with the formula.! Butyryl fluoride many elements the highest known oxidation state HF is widely in! The element antimony ], SbF3 is used to detect Vitamin A.It is used as a in!, sometimes called antimonite, is one of two principal fluorides of antimony trichloride is the chemical formula.. Commercial compound of the as ( V ) oxidation state can be achieved in fluoride! Arsenous chloride or butter of arsenic and fluorine with the chemical formula is SbF and... Of antimonium Sb +5 and 5 fluoride anions F - only limited applications... Horns off calves from the air elements the highest known oxidation state −1! That releases dangerous HF upon exposure to water or moisture Molecular Weight: 178.76 Molecular formula F3Sb... Is notable for its Lewis acidity and its ability to react with almost all known compounds solid, which sometimes!

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