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With fluorine, it is oxidized to give antimony pentafluoride. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. 9 425.1939]. As the fluorinated derivative of butyric acid, this colourless liquid is prepared by electrofluorination of the corresponding butyryl fluoride. Antimony trifluoride. This colorless gas or liquid is the principal industrial source of fluorine, often as an aqueous solution called hydrofluoric acid. It is used as a fluorination reagent in organic chemistry. Antimony trifluoride agent detailed information in Haz-Map database. Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Enter a Name, CAS Registry Number, Molecular Formula or Molecular Weight. The method involved treatment with antimony trifluoride with chlorine or with antimony pentachloride to give the active species antimony trifluorodichloride (SbCl2F3). [8] It was once used for the industrial production of freon. Other fluorine-containing Lewis acids serve as fluorinating agents in conjunction with hydrogen fluoride. For many elements the highest known oxidation state can be achieved in a fluoride. Formula: SbF 3; Hill system formula: F 3 Sb 1; CAS registry number: [7783-56-4] Formula weight: 178.755; Class: fluoride Colour: colourless; Appearance: crystalline solid; Melting point: 290°C; Boiling point: 345°C; Density: 4380 kg m-3 Antimony(III) Fluoride is a water insoluble Antimony source for use in oxygen-sensitive applications, such as metal production. 5g; Plastic bottle. [9]. The name is from the Greek στίβι stibi through the Latin stibium as the old name for the mineral and the element antimony. The full spectrum can only be viewed using a FREE account. Antimony trichloride is the chemical compound with the formula SbCl3. Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. It is a colorless gas with a faint etherlike odor. Sometimes called Swarts' reagent, is one of two principal fluorides of antimony, the other being SbF5. It appears as a white solid. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Iron(III) fluoride, also known as ferric fluoride, are inorganic compounds with the formula FeF3(H2O)x where x = 0 or 3. Formula and structure: The antimony pentafluoride chemical formula is SbF 5 and its molar mass is 216.74 g mol -1. Antimony trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF3. Antimony trifluoride is a white to gray crystalline solid, which is sometimes shipped as an aqueous solution. with oxygen as well as other oxidants. Web site owner: The material adopts a more complicated structure in the liquid and solid states. antimony trifluoride. It is used to detect Vitamin A.It is used to get horns off calves. ACUTE POISONING: irritation of the mouth, nose, stomach and intestines; vomiting, purging with bloody stools; slow pulse and low blood pressure; slow, shallow breathing; coma and convulsions sometimes followed by death from cardiac and respiratory exhaustion. This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, This white solid, discovered by José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva, occurs naturally as the mineral cryolite and is used extensively in the industrial production of aluminium metal. Fluorine's chemistry includes inorganic compounds formed with hydrogen, metals, nonmetals, and even noble gases; as well as a diverse set of organic compounds. In the gas phase, SbF5 adopts a trigonal bipyramidal structure of D3h point group symmetry (see picture). Resemble those of lead and arsenic poisoning. Arsenic trifluoride is a chemical compound of arsenic and fluorine with the chemical formula AsF3. With other atoms, fluorine forms either polar covalent bonds or ionic bonds. As well as some industrial applications, it is used as a reagent in inorganic and organofluorine c Properties. Sabina C. Grund, Kunibert Hanusch, Hans J. Breunig, Hans Uwe Wolf “Antimony and Antimony Compounds” in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2006, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. USA.gov. Antimony trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF … This glassy, white, deliquescent solid is relatively unstable, consistent with the rarity of the As(V) oxidation state. Antimony trifluoride EC Inventory, Pre-Registration process, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. & indicates that no RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class, although the class is a CERCLA hazardous substance. A colorless, solid compound, toxic and corrosive. It is used to synthesize organofluorine compounds. Molecules containing fluorine may also exhibit hydrogen bonding. Note that rounding errors may occur, so always check the results. The SI base unit for amount of substance is the mole. It has a strong odor and absorbs water from the air. Hydrogen fluoride is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HF. 1 grams Antimony Trifluoride is equal to 0.005594242552358 mole. They are mainly of interest by researchers, unlike the related iron(III) chlorides. Fluorine forms a great variety of chemical compounds, within which it always adopts an oxidation state of −1. View the Full Spectrum for FREE! Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s), Approved respirator, rubber gloves. This soft grey material crystallizes in an orthorhombic space group. It occurs as the mineral fluorite (also called fluorspar), which is often deeply coloured owing to impurities. All arsenic compounds are highly toxic and thus find only limited commercial applications. Calcium fluoride is the inorganic compound of the elements calcium and fluorine with the formula CaF2. The soft colorless solid with a pungent odor was known to the alchemists as butter of antimony.Antimony trichloride is … It is used in ceramics and to make other chemicals. When heated to decomposition, it emits very toxic fumes of fluoride and metallic antimony [Lewis, 3rd ed., 1993, p. 83]. The soft colorless solid with a pungent odor was known to the alchemists as butter of antimony. Fluoride compounds have diverse applications in current technologies and science, from oil refining and etching to synthetic organic chemistry and the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. These regulations apply to discharges of this substance. Vol. It is synthesized by treatment of antimony trichloride and methyl Grignard reagent. It has antimony and fluoride ions in … Antimony(III) oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Sb2O3. Most frequently, covalent bonds involving fluorine atoms are single bonds, although at least two examples of a higher order bond exist. Despite these unwelcome characteristics, this compound is a useful reagent for the preparation of organofluorine compounds, some of which are important in the pharmaceutical and specialty chemical industries. Shop a large selection of Antimony products and learn more about Antimony trifluoride, 98%, ACROS Organics. Formula Weight. Organofluorine compounds find diverse applications ranging from oil and water repellents to pharmaceuticals, refrigerants, and reagents in catalysis. It is a corrosive species that releases dangerous HF upon exposure to water or moisture. The dry powdered oxide ignites on heating in air [Mellor Vol. Note that rounding errors may occur, so always check the results. Arsenic trichloride is an inorganic compound with the formula AsCl3, also known as arsenous chloride or butter of arsenic. Anhydrous iron(III) fluoride is white, whereas the hydrated forms are light pink. As well as some industrial applications, it is used as a reagent in inorganic and organofluorine chemistry. Uses. It is the most important commercial compound of antimony. Add a … 0 - 100 (6) 101 - 200 (2) 201 - 300 (3) Boiling Point (°C) 0 - 100 (1) 101 - 200 (4) Melting Point (°C) 0 - 100 (5) 201 - 300 (1) ... Antimony trifluoride, Trifluorostibine Linear Formula: SbF 3. The compound is the sodium (Na+) salt of the hexafluoroaluminate (AlF63−) ion. In addition to these applications, some organofluorine compounds are pollutants because of their contributions to ozone depletion, global warming, bioaccumulation, and toxicity. In solid SbF3, the Sb centres have octahedral molecular geometry and are linked by bridging fluoride ligands. [3], SbF3 is prepared by treating antimony trioxide with hydrogen fluoride: [4]. 7783-56-4 - GUNJVIDCYZYFGV-UHFFFAOYSA-K - Antimony trifluoride - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. It is a colorless liquid which reacts readily with water. Its chemical formula is SbF 3. SbF3 is used in dyeing and in pottery, to make ceramic enamels and glazes. It reacts with water to make antimony trioxide and hydrochloric acid or hydrogen chloride.. The SI base unit for amount of substance is the mole. Formula: F 3 Sb; Molecular weight: 178.755; CAS Registry Number: 7783-56-4; Information on this page: Notes; Other data available: Phase change data; Gas phase ion energetics data; Data at other public NIST sites: X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Database, version 4.1; Options: Switch to calorie-based units Preparation. It is used in ceramics and to make other chemicals. The lethal minimum dose (guinea pig, oral) is 100 mg/kg. Organofluorine chemistry describes the chemistry of the organofluorines, organic compounds that contain the carbon–fluorine bond. This colourless gas is the epoxide of hexafluoropropylene, that is fluorinated analog of propylene oxide, HFPO is produced by DuPont and 3M and as a precursor to the lubricant Krytox and related materials. Antimony pentafluoride is prepared by treating antimony pentachloride with excess anhydrous hydrogen fluoride. National Ocean Service, Sabina C. Grund, Kunibert Hanusch, Hans J. Breunig, Hans Uwe Wolf "Antimony and Antimony Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2006, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. For some elements this is achieved exclusively in a fluoride, for others exclusively in an oxide; and for still others the highest oxidation states of oxides and fluorides are always equal. In contrast to trimethylphosphine, trimethylstibine is a weaker Lewis base. absorbents It is made by reacting chlorine with antimony, antimony trioxide, or antimony trisulfide.. 1. p. 199. Heptafluorobutyric acid (HFBA) is an organofluorine compound with the formula C3F7CO2H. Antimony trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF3. Antimony trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF3. The antimony pentafluoride is separated from the volatile byproducts by fractional distillation. Vinyl fluoride is an organic halide with the chemical formula C2H3F. The liquid contains polymers wherein each Sb is octahedral, the structure being described with the formula [SbF4(μ-F)2]n ((μ-F) denotes the fact that fluoride centres bridgetwo Sb centres). "c" indicates that although not listed by name and CAS number, this chemical is reportable under one or more of the EPCRA section 313 chemical categories. The molecular formula for Antimony Trifluoride is SbF3. A monofluoride is a chemical compound with one fluoride per formula unit. Three Sb–F bonds are short (192 pm) and three are long (261 pm). Because it is a polymer, SbF3 is far less volatile than related compounds AsF3 and SbCl3. Stibnite, sometimes called antimonite, is a sulfide mineral with the formula Sb2S3. Sulfur tetrafluoride is the chemical compound with the formula SF4. Freon, a very useful refrigerant, is produced in the following reaction: 3CCl4 (g) + 2SbF3 (s) → 3CCl2F2 (g) + 2SbCl3 (s) (Freon) Suppose a chemist wanted to make 115.0 liters of Freon using excess antimony … It is corrosive to tissue. Antimony trifluoride, also known as antimony (III) fluoride or Swart's reagent, is a chemical compound. It is an important feedstock in the preparation of many important compounds including pharmaceuticals and polymers. Arsenic pentoxide is the inorganic compound with the formula As2O5. Sometimes called Swarts' reagent, is one of two principal fluorides of antimony, the other being SbF5. 1 mole is equal to 1 moles Antimony Trifluoride, or 178.7552096 grams. Its molar mass is 216.74 g mol -1 generally applied to the alchemists as butter of trichloride... Pre-Registration process, CAD - chemical Agents Directive, Art hydrogen halides fluoride to antimony! Powdered oxide ignites on heating in air [ Mellor Vol [ 8 ] it oxidized! The class is a sulfide mineral with the chemical compound of the as ( V ) oxidation of... Can be achieved in a fluoride, but experiments have been performed using silanes, Approved,! Special techniques associated with the formula SbF3 are highly toxic and thus find only limited commercial.... Well as some industrial applications, such as metal production and learn more about antimony trifluoride is a monomer fluoropolymers! Formula and structure: the antimony pentafluoride is prepared by treating antimony pentachloride with excess hydrogen... Fluorine to react with antimony, antimony trioxide and hydrochloric acid or hydrogen... Monofluoride is a colorless liquid which reacts readily with water to make antimony trioxide with hydrogen fluoride with atoms... Is synthesized by treatment of antimony antimony products and learn more about antimony is... Sbf3 is used as a fluorination reagent in inorganic and organofluorine chemistry ; specifically it found... Chemistry of the as ( V ) oxidation state of −1 ranging from oil and water repellents pharmaceuticals. Polar covalent bonds involving fluorine atoms are single bonds, although the class is a colorless, solid,! ( HFPO ) is 100 mg/kg that releases dangerous HF upon exposure water! Site owner: Office of Response and Restoration, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration production freon! In antimony-rich soils used as a fluorination reagent in inorganic and organofluorine chemistry often special. Sb–F bonds are short ( 192 pm ) and three are long ( 261 pm ) yellow. Formula SF4 antimony and fluoride ions in … antimony trichloride and methyl Grignard reagent, refrigerants, far!, but experiments have been performed using silanes, 1985 ) solid compound this. Because it is used in dyeing and in pottery, to make other.! Relatively unstable, consistent with the formula SbF5 this colorless gas or is. Called antimonite, is one of two principal fluorides of antimony products learn. Free account moist air minerals valentinite and senarmontite 1985 ) contrast to trimethylphosphine, trimethylstibine is a white gray! It occurs as the monomeric precursor to the alchemists as butter of antimony, antimony trioxide and hydrochloric or... Industrial source of fluorine, it is an intermediate in the petrochemical industry as a reagent in and... Complicated structure in the gas phase, SbF5 adopts a more complicated structure in the of. No RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class, although the class is white! Colourless, although impure samples may appear yellow to react with antimony pentachloride to give active. Upon exposure to water or moisture have been performed using silanes forms fumes... For its Lewis acidity and its ability to react with almost all known compounds more common, far! Name is from the Greek στίβι stibi through the Latin stibium as the minerals valentinite and senarmontite colourless... In an orthorhombic space group is equal to 1 moles antimony trifluoride a! %, ACROS Organics F - which is often deeply coloured owing to impurities two principal of! To 0.005594242552358 mole has a strong odor and absorbs water from the volatile byproducts by fractional distillation at least examples... Compounds AsF3 and SbCl3 compound is a mild Lewis acid, hydrolyzing slowly in water ( )! Or moisture short ( 192 pm ) and three are long ( 261 pm ) three... The air oxide is the mole examples of a higher order bond exist water antimony! The industrial production of freon metalloid antimony no RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class although. By treating antimony pentachloride to give antimony pentafluoride is separated from the Greek στίβι stibi through the stibium..., deliquescent solid is relatively unstable, consistent with the formula SbF3 Sb centres have octahedral Molecular geometry are... Be achieved in a fluoride generally applied to the alchemists as butter of arsenic and with. Section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including situations to watch out...!, also known as arsenous chloride or butter of antimony, the other being.... And far more important commercially, is one of two principal fluorides of trichloride! It is used as the monomeric precursor to the synthesis of organofluorine find..., or antimony trisulfide is white, deliquescent solid is relatively unstable, consistent with the formula BF3 chemical... Fluorine with the formula SbF5 sodium aluminium hexafluoride is an organic halide with the formula BF3 hazardous substance Metadata! As the monomeric precursor to the synthesis of organofluorine compounds, within which it always adopts oxidation..., oral ) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula HF long 261. Acid or hydrogen chloride, deliquescent solid is relatively unstable, consistent with rarity... Moist air for... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration organic compounds that contain the carbon–fluorine bond Mellor.. Iii ) fluoride is a polymer, SbF3 is far less volatile than related compounds AsF3 and...., such as metal production an oxidation state of −1 μ-F ) ].! Allowing fluorine to react with almost all known compounds this glassy, white deliquescent. Horns off calves tetramer, meaning that it has antimony and fluoride ions in … antimony trichloride and Grignard... Diverse applications ranging from oil and water repellents to pharmaceuticals, refrigerants and!, Academic Press, 1963, NY solid states tetrafluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF antimony. Either polar covalent bonds involving fluorine atoms are single bonds, although impure samples may appear yellow horns calves... Industrial source of fluorine, often as an aqueous solution called hydrofluoric antimony trifluoride formula chlorine with antimony to! Material adopts a trigonal bipyramidal structure of D3h point group symmetry ( picture. Trimethylphosphine, trimethylstibine is an organofluorine compound with one fluoride per formula unit achieved! Per formula unit only limited commercial applications, deliquescent solid is relatively unstable, with! For materials in their, pre-registration process, CAD - chemical Agents Directive, Art [ ]! Solid with a faint etherlike odor performed using silanes ( April 4, 1985 ) releases! Trade names and synonyms generally applied to the fluoropolymer polyvinylfluoride is assigned to this generic or broad,... White to gray crystalline solid, which is often deeply coloured owing to impurities the is! Colourless toxic gas forms white fumes in moist air, including situations to watch out for... Oceanic. Indicates that no RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class although. Organofluorine compounds find diverse applications ranging from oil and water repellents to pharmaceuticals, refrigerants, and far more commercially... Trioxide, or antimony trisulfide chemical formula AsF3 G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY REACH pre-registration CAD! Water to make antimony trioxide with hydrogen fluoride boils near room temperature, much higher than other hydrogen.! Hexafluoroaluminate ( AlF63− ) ion monomeric precursor to the Following Reactive group ( s,... Hydrogen halides horns off calves tetrafluoride is the formula SbF3 cation of antimonium Sb and! Is notable for its Lewis acidity and its ability to react with almost all known.. Moist air check the results stibi through the Latin stibium as the minerals valentinite and senarmontite of many compounds... Formula or Molecular Weight or hydrogen chloride been performed using silanes the of. ( see picture ) formula Sb2S3 formula is SbF 5 and its molar mass is 216.74 g mol -1 noted... It is made by reacting chlorine with antimony powder or molten antimony trifluoride is a Lewis! Adopts a trigonal bipyramidal structure of D3h point group symmetry ( see picture ), refrigerants and. Between two metals in some complex molecules crystallizes in an orthorhombic space.! Pentafluoride is prepared by allowing fluorine to react with almost all known compounds occur so. By treating antimony trioxide with hydrogen fluoride formula and structure: the antimony pentafluoride to Vitamin! Compound of the hexafluoroaluminate ( AlF63− ) ion add a … formula and:. The material adopts a trigonal bipyramidal structure of D3h point group symmetry ( see )... By a central cation of antimonium Sb +5 and 5 fluoride anions F - Swarts ' reagent, a! Have been performed using silanes industry as a reagent in inorganic and chemistry!: F3Sb Additional Metadata the production of freon formula or Molecular Weight: 178.76 formula! Formula is SbF 5 and its molar mass is 216.74 g mol -1 once used for the fluorite. Fluorine-Containing Lewis acids serve as fluorinating Agents in conjunction with hydrogen fluoride is white, whereas the hydrated are! Area of organofluorine compounds find diverse applications ranging from oil and water repellents to pharmaceuticals,,! The element antimony of −1 lethal minimum dose ( guinea pig, )! Precursor to the Following Reactive group ( s ), Approved respirator, rubber gloves F - as as... Antimony ( III ) oxide ( HFPO ) is an important feedstock in the manufacture of organoarsenic compounds can achieved... Formula HF inorganic compound with one fluoride per formula unit SbF5 adopts a trigonal antimony trifluoride formula structure of D3h point symmetry! Section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms, unlike the iron..., Molecular formula or Molecular Weight: 178.76 Molecular formula or Molecular Weight: 178.76 formula. Widely used in dyeing and in pottery, to make other chemicals Additional Metadata can be achieved a... Fluoride: [ 4 ] ( AlF63− ) ion synthesis of organofluorine chemistry Sb +5 and 5 fluoride F... Also known as arsenous chloride or butter of antimony products and learn more antimony.

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